Chemical Skin Resurfacing
Chemical skin resurfacing with phenol or TCA is a procedure that is designed to create a new, smooth skin appearance. The treatment “ablates”, or destroys, the outer layers of skin which have been damaged by age, sun, acne, wrinkles, or pigmentation problems or spots. The destruction of the older layers of skin prompts the body to generate a new layer of skin cells which are unaffected by the previous skin condition. Some treatments may be inappropriate for darker skin complexions.
Reasons for Considering Skin Resurfacing:
Reduce or remove facial wrinkles, creases, and lines.
Improve sun-damaged skin.
Correct pigmentation problems and spots.
Tighten skin that has lost elasticity due to aging.
First, the face is cleansed of oils in order to prepare for the procedure, and an antibiotic ointment is applied. This procedure is sometimes performed with sedation, or general anesthesia.
Generally, post-operative instructions call for plenty of rest and limited movement in order to speed up the healing process and recovery time. Antibiotic cream and bandages are applied to the affected area immediately following surgery in order to aid with the healing process, to minimize swelling, and to control the risk of infection. The skin will be red and may ooze. Some discomfort should also be expected.
Any pain associated with the surgery can be treated with oral medication. While complications are rare, patients can minimize potential problems by carefully following the post-operative directions. Recovery time varies with the extent of the resurfacing and the number of procedures completed.